Posts Tagged ‘Charles Darwin’

#2 Darwin did not originate the idea of evolution. He is also not the source for our modern ideas on the subject. In ancient Greece there were several descent theories though they were not at all the same as Darwin’s “common descent.” And in the 1700s Carolus Linnaeus built hierarchy of apparent animal relationships. Around the same time Jean-Baptiste Lamarck suggested that the use of an organ could change its characteristics, like the height of a giraffe’s neck. All of these and more contributed to Darwin’s theory.

This is nothing new. These ideas came and went as cultures and societies changed. Darwinism came came about while two important while Western society was going through two phases. First, the industrial revolution provided a very mechanical view of life. It was efficient. It was productive. And society accepted it this as the norm. Along with this came a progressive view of history. It is both theological and political. It was believed that the world can be made better and that it is getting better.

These two movements blended nicely. Both of these can be seen as contributing to Darwin’s materialistic view of life and his sense that somehow, in some way, species must evolve into something better. This is the principle of direction that is a part of all evolutionary theory. Of course there is no explanation as to why this direction is there. It is accepted without question and often without an awareness that the question even exists. 

via 10 Things You Should Know About Science and Evolution | Caffeinated Thoughts.

simul iustus et peccator, 

 
Eric Adams 
Rossville, GA 
godsguy12@comcast.net 
christianreasons@gmail.com 
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Darwinian Depression

 

#8 Naturalism is the idea that the material world, the world that we can test, is all that exists. (That’s short for “metaphysical naturalism” as some readers might take issue.) Naturalism is not evolution. Naturalism is not even science. Naturalism says that there is no God (or that at best God is not involved). When someone suggests that in all of the tests being done that they have never seen God, just remind them there are no physical tests for God. There are also no physical tests for the mind. Some subjects occur outside of physical testing.

All science is done in the context of presuppositions – things that are assumed to be true. This is where naturalism exists. Even these exist in historical context. Darwin wrote in one context where the mechanical world directly affected his thoughts and ideas. The neo-Darwinists wrote in another world, one where physical testing was the new rule of the day. And today’s mathematically driven theories are coming about in the era of computing power and a digital view of the world. None of the three may be separated from their history. Each may be viewed as limited by their history. When we leave this era of computing then the ideas of Wolfram and Shapiro will be rejected just as were their predecessors.

via 10 Things You Should Know About Science and Evolution | Caffeinated Thoughts.

 

simul iustus et peccator, 

 
Eric Adams 
Rossville, GA 
godsguy12@comcast.net 
christianreasons@gmail.com 
Nietzsche

Nietzsche (Photo credit: Three Legged Bird)

It would seem even Nietzsche  had issues with Darwinism.

 

“Natural selection works, according to Charles Darwin, “solely by and for the good of each being, all corporeal and mental endowments will tend to progress towards perfection.”(Darwin 1909, 528) This idea of progressivity in Darwinian evolution did not only astounded Nietzsche but also its opposite seemed, according to Nietzsche’s survey of “great destinies of man”, to be true. He wrote,

What surprises me most when surveying the great destinies of man is always seeing before me the opposite of what Darwin and his school see or want to see today: selection in favor of the stronger, in favor of those who have come off better, the progress of the species. The very opposite is quite palpably the case: the elimination of the strokes of luck, the uselessness of the better-constituted types, the inevitable domination achieved by the average, even below-average types.(Nietzsche 2003, 258)

Unless our-ape-genealogists gave him reasons why Homo sapiens were an exception to Darwinian evolution, Nietzsche was persuaded that “the school of Darwin has everywhere deceived itself ”(2003, 259) In struggle for man’s existence, it is not the highest, the strongest, the fittest and the fortunate that survive but the lower and the weaker who “predominate through numbers, through prudence, [and] through cunning”.”

via Nietzsche’s Rejection of Darwinian Evolution.

simul iustus et peccator,

Eric Adams

Rossville, GA